23. What is disproportionality?

Disproportionality exists when a certain ethnic, racial or cultural group is represented at a higher rate in a system than in the general population. It exists in the Texas Child Welfare System because only 12% of the Texas child population is African-American, while 29% of the children in state conservatorship are African-American. The negative impacts of disproportionality include:

  • African-American children spend more time in care than other children;
  • African-American children wait longer for adoption than other children; and
  • African-American children are more likely to age out of foster care without being
    placed in an adoptive family or permanent placement than other children